Often asked: Which Condition In The Elderly May Lead To A Seondary Deficiency In Vitamin B12?

What causes vitamin B12 deficiency in elderly?

Common risk factors for low vitamin B12 in seniors include: Low levels of stomach acid, which can be due to weakening of the stomach lining, or to medications that reduce stomach acid. Medications such as metformin (prescribed for diabetes), which interferes with vitamin B12 absorption.

What disease is associated with a deficiency of B12?

Folic acid is also called folate. It is another B vitamin. Either a lack of vitamin B-12 or a lack of folate causes a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia (pernicious anemia). With these types of anemia, the red blood cells don’t develop normally.

What are the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency in the elderly?

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms

  • Pale or jaundiced skin.
  • Inflamed tongue.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Tingling sensations in the hands or feet.
  • Trouble walking.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Shortness of breath or dizziness.
  • Changes in thinking, memory and mood.
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What is the most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency in adults?

However, the most common cause of vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia is a lack of a substance called intrinsic factor, which can be caused when your immune system mistakenly attacks the stomach cells that produce this substance. This type of anemia is called pernicious anemia.

How can I raise my B12 levels fast?

To increase the amount of vitamin B12 in your diet, eat more of foods that contain it, such as:

  1. Beef, liver, and chicken.
  2. Fish and shellfish such as trout, salmon, tuna fish, and clams.
  3. Fortified breakfast cereal.
  4. Low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese.
  5. Eggs.

How long does B12 deficiency take to correct?

Recovery from vitamin B12 deficiency takes time and you may not experience any improvement during the first few months of treatment. Improvement may be gradual and may continue for up to six to 12 months.

How do you know if your B12 is low?

Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

  1. Weakness, tiredness, or lightheadedness.
  2. Heart palpitations and shortness of breath.
  3. Pale skin.
  4. A smooth tongue.
  5. Constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, or gas.
  6. Nerve problems like numbness or tingling, muscle weakness, and problems walking.
  7. Vision loss.

What does a B12 deficiency tongue look like?

B12 deficiency will also make the tongue sore and beefy-red in color. Glossitis, by causing swelling of the tongue, may also cause the tongue to appear smooth.

What medications should not be taken with B12?

Certain medications can decrease the absorption of vitamin B12, including: colchicine, metformin, extended-release potassium products, antibiotics (such as gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin), anti-seizure medications (such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone), medications to treat heartburn (such as H2 blockers

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What causes balance problems in the elderly?

Long-term medical condition that affects the nervous system can have an impact on balance, too. Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and Multiple Sclerosis are just a few. In addition, arthritis, heart problems, and certain medications seniors take for chronic illnesses can all contribute to unsteadiness.

What is the best B12 supplement?

The best B12 supplement

  • Best B12 supplements of 2020.
  • Jarrow Formulas’ Methyl B12: A previous favorite that’s held onto the top spot due to its special methylcobalamin formulation that’s easier to absorb than other types.

What is the minimum daily requirement for B12?

The following doses have been studied in scientific research: ADULTS: BY MOUTH: The typical general supplemental dose of vitamin B12 is 1-25 mcg per day: The recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) of vitamin B12 are: 1.8 mcg; older children and adults, 2.4 mcg; pregnant women, 2.6 mcg; and breast-feeding women, 2.8 mcg.

Does B12 deficiency cause weight gain?

People with vitamin B12 deficiency are likely to experience a wide range of symptoms, though weight gain is unlikely one of them. If you’re experiencing unexplained weight gain, consider discussing it with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to determine the root cause.

What happens if B12 deficiency is not treated?

If left untreated, the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency tend to worsen and irreversible problems involving the nerves and brain may develop. The risk of experiencing a number of serious complications, including heart failure, may also increase.

How long does it take to get B12 levels up?

A response usually is seen within 48 to 72 hours, with brisk production of new red blood cells. Once B12 reserves reach normal levels, injections of vitamin B12 will be needed every one to three months to prevent symptoms from returning.

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