How To Give A Vitamin B12 Shot?

Where do you give a B12 shot?

The thigh is the most common injection site for intramuscular self-injections, but one may also inject the vitamin B12 shot at the shoulder and the upper buttocks. Experienced doctors commonly give a B12 shot in the deltoid muscle, but this is more difficult to do if you are just learning.

Is vitamin B12 injections subcutaneous or intramuscular?

Cyanocobalamin is usually administered by IM or deep subcutaneous injection. If the drug is administered subcutaneously, care should be taken to avoid injection into the dermis or upper subcutaneous tissue. Because the drug is excreted more rapidly after IV injection, the IV route should be avoided.

How is B12 injection given?

This medication is given by injection into a muscle or under the skin as directed by your doctor. Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Injections may be given daily when you first start treatment.

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Can you do B12 injections at home?

Using B12 shots at home as a treatment for vitamin B12 deficiency can be very effective in managing and treating your condition. The injections are relatively easy and painless to administer, and you can do it all from the comfort of your own home.

How long do B12 injections last?

If your vitamin B12 deficiency is not caused by a lack of vitamin B12 in your diet, you’ll usually need to have an injection of hydroxocobalamin every 2 to 3 months for the rest of your life.

Do you need a prescription for B12 injections?

A B12 shot contains high levels of cyanocobalamin, which quickly elevates B12 levels in the body. Injections are water-soluble, which helps your body store and use the vitamin as it’s needed. Shots can be self-administered or given by a doctor. You need a prescription for injections.

How often can you have B12 injections?

The usual dose for pernicious anemia-associated vitamin B12 deficiency is 100 mcg given as an injection into the muscle or under the skin once daily for 6-7 days. Then the dose may be given every other day for 7 doses followed by every 3-4 days for around 3 weeks. Then, 100 mcg should be injected every month for life.

What are the side effects of B12 injections?

B12 shot side effects include, but are not limited to:

  • Swelling at the injection site.
  • Mild diarrhea.
  • Itching.
  • Swelling in the body.
  • Low potassium.
  • Headache.
  • Dizziness.
  • Vomiting.

Can an injection hit a nerve?

Injections that occur below the deltoid muscle can hit the radial nerve and injections that are too far to the side of the deltoid muscle can hit the axillary nerve. If a nerve is hit, the patient will feel an immediate burning pain, which can result in paralysis or neuropathy that does not always resolve.

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What medications should not be taken with B12?

Certain medications can decrease the absorption of vitamin B12, including: colchicine, metformin, extended-release potassium products, antibiotics (such as gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin), anti-seizure medications (such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone), medications to treat heartburn (such as H2 blockers

Are B12 Injections Safe?

Safety and Side Effects



Vitamin B12 injections are generally considered to be very safe. They have no major side effects. However, in very rare cases, some people can experience side effects caused by allergic reactions or sensitivity ( 29, 30 ). If you experience any side effects, speak with your doctor.

What can I expect from a B12 shot?

A few mild side effects are associated with the B12 shots, including pain or redness at the injection site, mild diarrhea, itching, or swelling. While these symptoms are usually nothing to worry about, you are advised to contact your health care professional if they persist or worsen.

How do you make a B12 syringe?

How to draw up B12 (labeled as Methylcobalamin) Injections

  1. Wash your hands.
  2. Remove the plastic cap and wipe down the rubber stopper on the top of the bottle with an alcohol swab or cotton soaked with alcohol.
  3. Take the 3ml syringe out of the the package, remove tip cover avoiding contact with the tip of syringe.
  4. Pull back plunger and drawback air to the 1ml mark on the syringe.

Do B12 shots help you lose weight?

There’s no solid evidence that vitamin B-12 injections aid weight loss. Vitamin B-12 is a water-soluble B complex vitamin found naturally in a variety of foods, including meat, fish and dairy products. Vitamin B-12 is also added to some foods and is available as a dietary supplement.

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Can you get B12 shots at CVS?

MinuteClinic® providers are qualified to administer Vitamin B12 injections for patients with a prescription. They will review your medical history, help you to understand the risks and indications of vitamin B12 deficiency, and share advice for prevention.

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